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Female Incontinence

Female Pelvic Pain can be a frustrating condition which decreases quality of life and causes problems in personal relationships. Symptoms can range from pain only during sexual activity to pain during a range of activities that cause pressure to the pelvic area such as sitting, biking or wearing tight jeans.




hand on pelvis

Physiotherapy Treatment for Female Pelvic Pain

Female pelvic pain can be a frustrating condition that requires patience during treatment. Physiotherapy treatment for this condition uses Biofeedback, Electrical Stimulation, Education and other muscle relaxation and stretching techniques.

During Biofeedback, the patient is connected to an electronic device (surface EMG) that measures the muscular activity of the pelvic floor. With this device, the patient practices relaxation exercises of pelvic floor muscles and receives feedback on the activity initiated. This is used to help the patient learn how to effectively relax pelvic floor muscles.

Electrical Stimulation
Electrical stimulation is delivered to the pelvic floor by a small battery-powered device. The electrical stimulation is used to improve proprioception to better locate the muscles and strengthen the mind-body connection.

The physiotherapist will educate you to give you an understanding of your diagnosis and what can be done to improve your condition.

Breathing exercises, relaxation exercises and stretching techniques can help relieve tension in the pelvic floor and decrease pain.


There are several different diagnoses that denote pelvic pain:

This diagnosis is a general one that denotes pain in the vulvar area (area of the vagina).

Vulvar Vestibulitis
This diagnosis denotes pain in the vestibular area which is the entrance to the vagina.

This diagnosis refers to involuntary muscle spasms at the entrance to the vagina preventing penetration.

Essential (Dysesthetic) Vulvodynia
This is a condition that involves altered nerve sensations which can transform pressure sensation into pain.

Interstitial Cystitis
Causes of this condition are controversial but it often involves tightness in pelvic floor muscles that can be decreased with relaxation and stretching techniques.



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